• students are originally placed based upon preliminary testing, first impressions in the classroom
  • stigma attached to them for the rest of their lives
  • p. 128
  • pigeon-holed young - will affect the child for the rest of his or her life
  • is possible to break through the barriers, but it is very difficult
  • is a LIAR!!!!!!!!! (according to John) - unreliable narrator?
  • tracking - kept at the level, self-fulfilling prophecy
  • need some kind of separation of learning levels--standardized (p. 98; 127) is one solution
    • no perfect system
    • kids play into the system
    • "internalize the definition" (128)
  • teachers manipulate the system for funding (The Wire - tv show example from John)