Maxwell Chapter 1

1. Why did it take until December 1845 for Texas to be admitted as the twenty-eight state, when Texas voters approved annexation in 1836?

	a. Legislators from the northern states were not happy about the possibility of another state, especially one as large as Texas, shifting the North/South power struggle.
	b. There were not enough people residing in Texas to allow admission as a state in1836.
	c. Texas was a slave state, and the slavery issue was a controversy in Washington DC in 1836.
	d. Because of Texas' geographical size, representatives of smaller states were afraid of an unfair balance of power shift in Texas' favor.

2. In the Texas Articles of Annexation, why did Texas retain ownership of its public lands rather than have them annexed by the US government?

	a. The US Government saw no value in taking control of the Texas wilderness.
	b. All annexed states keep their own public lands.
	c. Texas knew that it had potential wealth in timber and oil and did not want to give that away to the US Government.
	d. The United States would not take Texas' public lands in exchange for the $10 million debt owed by the former Republic of Texas.

3. The Post-Civil War "Black Codes":

	a. Were a set of codes that were used by the Ku Klux Klan to intimidate freed slaves in Texas and in other former Confederate states.
	b. Were laws severely restricting the rights of recently freed slaves.
	c. Were laws, originally based on religious sentiment, restricting the sale of certain items on Sunday.
	d. Were laws prohibiting freed slaves from other states from settling in Texas directly after the end of the Civil War.

4. When the Texas Supreme Court invalidated the election of Governor Richard Coke, in 1873:

	a. Coke's supporters took hostages, including several Texas Supreme Court Justices, and held them for several days, until federal troops intervened.
	b. Democratic legislators entered the capital, declared a quorum and validated the election of Coke, despite the Texas Supreme Court action.
	c. The Supreme Court Justices, handpicked by former Governor E.J. Davis, were handsomely rewarded.
	d. Coke ran again in 1877 on a reform platform against crooked judges, and won.

5. When James Hogg, ran for Governor in 1890, one of his major campaign issues was a proposed constitutional amendment which would:

	a. Create more guaranteed revenue to the state from oil exploration and production.
	b. Give the Legislature the right to establish a regulatory railroad commission.
	c. Sharply regulate the timber industry in East Texas.
	d. Create a state holiday honoring Confederate war dead.

6. Throughout the early 1900's, which of the following programs identified Texas as one of the most "Progressive" states in the country?

	a. Reforming the prisons.
	b. Regulation of child labor.
	c. Regulating insurance companies.
	d. All of these choices.

7. Despite owing several businesses including a bank, Jim Ferguson, in his 1914 bid for Governor, called himself what name to emphasize his rural background and to relate to small farmers?

	a. "Simple Jim"
	b. "Jimmy Boy"
	c. "Plain old Jim"
	d. "Farmer Jim"

8. What successful legislation, introduced by Governor "Ma" Ferguson, lead to the end of the Ku Klux Klan as an effective political force in Texas?

	a. A law setting forth that no municipality was allowed to issue a license allowing Klansmen to protest or march in public.
	b. A law prohibiting Klansman from wearing hoods or other head cover during Klan marches or rallies.
	c. A law providing a $500.00 reward to anyone who is assisted in the capture and conviction of any Klansman involved in "riotous behavior or murder".
	d. A prohibition against public demonstrations of any kind by Klan members.

9. To regulate the oil industry in Texas and to make sure trade was fair between the oil producers and refineries, Governor Ross Sterling:

	a. Ordered the East Texas oil fields closed because of its economical threat to the entire oil industry.
	b. Declared martial law and called in the National Guard.
	c. Signed an executive order giving the power to control production of oil in Texas to the Railroad Commission.
	d. All of these choices were part of Gov. Sterling's regulation of the oil industry.

10. Oil which was produced and sold through independent refineries and stations, thus circumventing the Railroad Commission, is known as:

	a. Bootleg oil.
	b. Black lightening.
	c. Moonshine oil.
	d. Hot oil.

11. Which of the following facts did W. Lee "Pass the biscuits, Pappy" O' Daniel, claim to be true in his successful 1938 gubernatorial race?

	a. He claimed that he had never run for public office before.
	b. He claimed that he had never voted in Texas before.
	c. All of these choices are facts claimed by Pappy O' Daniel.
	d. He claimed that he had never paid a Poll tax before, saying that no politician was worth the $1.75 tax.

12. Governor O' Daniel ran on a platform based on:

	a. The Ten Commandments.
	b. An increase in old-age pensions.
	c. All of these articles were part of the O' Daniel platform.
	d. The Golden Rule

13. In the 1952 gubernatorial election, the "tidelands question" arose, which concerned:

	a. The destruction of wildlife in the Gulf of Mexican area due to oil refinery pollution and waste.
	b. A jurisdictional conflict between the United States government and the governments of several coastal states regarding oil production revenue.
	c. A scandal involving the unauthorized purchase of state lands in the Corpus Christi area by private investors with strong political connections in the Texas Capital.
	d. All of these choices.

14. In the 1960 General Election, the Texas Legislature allowed Senator Lyndon Johnson to:

	a. None of these choices.
	b. Provide the Governor the name of his hand picked senatorial replacement, which the Governor would appoint as Johnson's senatorial replacement; thus avoiding a special election for his vacant seat.
	c. Have his name placed on the Texas ballot for both re-election as Senator and as a Vice-Presidential candidate; thus creating the need for a special election for his Senate seat should he become Vice President.
	d. Name his own senatorial replacement in the event of his becoming the Vice-President under President Kennedy.

15. House Bill 72, passed into law in 1984, included:

	a. All of these choices were included in HB 72.
	b. A requirement that school children who failed a course were not allowed to participate in any extracurricular activities for a six-week grading period ("no pass, no play").
	c. A requirement that teachers pass a competency test to continue their state certification to teach in public schools ("no pass, no teach").
	d. Increased teacher's salaries.

16. A response to Edgewood v. Kirby, the Texas legislature enacted a law in 1993, which:

	a. Required state sales taxes to make up the difference between wealthier school districts and poorer school districts.
	b. Created a voucher system in which children from school districts labeled by the state as a poorer school district, could opt out of the public school system and attend private schools, with the state paying the tuition.
	c. Enacted the lottery system, whose revenue is allocated for making up financial differences between wealthier school districts and poorer school districts.
	d. Set forth that the state property tax was to be the prime vehicle for funding public schools and that wealthier school districts were required to share their funds with poor school districts.

17. In 2001, the 77th Texas legislature, after considerable conflict, enacted which piece of legislation?

	a. Established partial funding for public school employee health insurance.
	b. All of these choices were enacted by the 77th legislature.
	c. They criminalized open alcohol containers inmost motor vehicles.
	d. The "hate crimes" bill.

18. Even though Texas' US House districts had been redrawn by a panel of one Democrat and two Republican federal judges following the 2000 census, Governor Rick Perry, in response to US House Majority Leader Tome Delay's disappointment that more Texas Republicans had not been elected to Congress, did which of the following?

	a. All of these choices were actions taken by the Governor.
	b. He called a special legislative session to again redraw the US House districts to more favor Republicans.
	c. He penalized Texas Democrats by having a bill passed requiring 24 hour waiting period to be "educated" about the fetus before a woman can have an abortion in Texas.
	d. He filed suit in Federal District Court to stop the enactment of the previous redistricting citing it was constitutional in its lack of proper representation.

19. Which ethnic group is growing the fastest in Texas?

	a. Asian-Americans
	b. None of these choices
	c. African-Americans
	d. Hispanic-Americans

20. In 1952, as a result of the conservative Democrats, lead by Governor Allan Shiver and Attorney General Price Daniel, splitting the ticket and voting Republican for Dwight Eisenhower for President and Texas Democrats for state officers, Texans who voted for conservative Democrats at the state level and Republicans at the national level were for some time after called:

	a. Ticket Splitters
	b. Maybe-crats
	c. Shiver -crats
	d. Dixie-crats